March 2014 Volume 25 Number 1
Optimism and Enthusiasm are Infectious
Accelerometer-assessed Physical Activity, Functional Disability, and Systemic Inflammation: A National Sample of Community-dwelling Older Adults with Diabetes
Purpose: Limited research has examined the effects of accelerometer-assessed physical activity (PA) and inflammation on functional disability among older adults with diabetes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine these associations among a national sample of older adults with evidence of diabetes..
Comparisons of Dyspnea, Fatigue, and Exercise Intolerance Between Individuals with Heart Failure with High Versus Low Knee Extensor Muscle Strength
Background: Maintaining muscle strength is problematic for patients with heart failure (HF) and may be related to increasing HF symptoms and exercise intolerance,leading to further decline in physical functioning. No recommendation for muscle strength assessment with HF patients is established in routine clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to compare differences in HF symptoms (dyspnea and fatigue) and exercise intolerance between patients with high versus low knee extensor strength.
Prevalence of Pre-hypertension and Hypertension Blood Pressure Readings Among Individuals Managed by Physical Therapists in the Home Care Setting: A Descriptive Study
Purpose: This study describes the prevalence of prehypertensive (P-HTN) and hypertensive (HTN) blood pressure (BP) readings among individuals managed by physical therapists (PTs) in the home care setting. The study also determined whether there were significant differences in BP categories based on a known HTN diagnosis.
Early Progressive Mobilization and Physical Therapy Management in a Patient with a Total Artificial Heart Device
Background & Purpose: Research shows that early mobilization of critically ill patients is safe and effective in shortening length of stay and improving outcomes. We describe our experience with early mobilization of a patient following total artificial heart (TAH) surgery since limited guidance regarding physical therapy (PT) management is available.
The Relationship Between Pain and Comorbid Health Conditions in People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Purpose: To determine if pain and pain interference are associated with comorbid health conditions in people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and secondly, to determine if specific types of comorbidities are associated with more pain and a particular location of pain.